Table 2

Dietary guidelines for the patients

Rule

Description


1

Avoid all types of bread, cake, processed snacks, sweets, potatoes, pasta, rice, polenta, vegetables rich in starch (corn, beans, peas) and cereals.

2

Be aware of hidden sources of CHO in sugar sweetened drinks, candy, chewing gum with sugar, milk and milk products, lunch meat and some cheeses as well as in most "low fat" products.

3

Fruits are rich in CHO, therefore always calculate the amount and select those which are low in CHO.

4

Vegetables are often rich in CHO - but mainly in dietary fiber, therefore calculate the usable CHO only.

5

If possible, prefer cold-water fish and meat from grazing cattle as protein sources, because of their preferable fatty acid pattern

6

Vegetables and the few fruits allowed should be grown organic

7

As nibbles, select oil-rich nuts (walnuts, brazil nuts, macadamia nuts) and seeds (sunflower), and only occasionally chocolate with very high cacao content (min. 85%).


Schmidt et al. Nutrition & Metabolism 2011 8:54   doi:10.1186/1743-7075-8-54

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