Table 3

Cytokine response following daily supplementation with 0, 2 or 8 mg astaxanthin after 0, 4 and 8 wk.

Treatment

Wk 0

Wk 4

Wk 8


TNF-α (pg/mL); Overall SE = 0.43

0 mg

1.14

1.63

1.43

2 mg

0.80

1.13

1.44

8 mg

1.51

2.15

2.60

IFN-γ (pg/mL); Overall SE = 0.34

0 mg

5.85

4.47

4.68b

2 mg

4.87

4.26

5.00b

8 mg

4.67

6.23

9.55a

IL-6 (pg/mL); Overall SE = 2.9

0 mg

10.5

12.7

13.6b

2 mg

10.0

11.5

8.7b

8 mg

11.5

12.4

25.2a

IL-2 (pg/mL); Overall SE = 0.10

0 mg

8.61

8.04

7.74

2 mg

5.09

4.67

4.46

8 mg

4.91

4.01

3.90


a, b Different letters represent significant treatment differences (P < 0.05) as analyzed by ANOVA. Values are means; variation is expressed as a representative overall standard error.

Park et al. Nutrition & Metabolism 2010 7:18   doi:10.1186/1743-7075-7-18

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