Table 1

Characteristics of participating children (n = 95).

Boys (n = 47)

Girls (n = 48)

p-valuea

Mean ± SD


Anthropometrics

Age (years)

10.4 ± 1.0

10.2 ± 1.1

ns

Pubertal stage (1-5)

2.6 ± 1.7

3.5 ± 1.2

0.004

Height (m)

149.3 ± 8.9

151.7 ± 9.2

ns

Weight (kg)

59.9 ± 18.2

66.8 ± 14.2

0.043

Body fat (%)

32.9 ± 9.5

40.2 ± 7.9

< 0.001

BMI-z score

1.91 ± 0.5

2.1 ± 0.4

0.020

WC (cm)

85.3 ± 15.4

91.0 ± 12.8

ns

Biochemical parameters

TG (mmol/l)

66.1 ± 33.6

73.2 ± 23.4

ns

VLDL-C (mmol/l)

15.5 ± 4.7

16.0 ± 3.2

ns

IDL-C (mmol/l)

8.9 ± 4.9

9.5 ± 4.8

ns

HOMA-IR

1.9 ± 1.2

2.9 ± 1.4

< 0.001

ISI-FFA

0.5 ± 0.2

0.3 ± 0.2

< 0.001

Dietary variables

Total energy (kcal/day)

1833 ± 684

1801 ± 619

ns

Carbohydrate (g/day)

218 ± 91

232 ± 87

ns


aSignificance of the difference between boys and girls. ns = not statistically significant (p > 0.05).

Sharma et al. Nutrition & Metabolism 2010 7:10   doi:10.1186/1743-7075-7-10

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