Table 4

Fasting plasma lipid, lipoprotein cholesterol, glucose, and insulin concentrations after 4 wk of test diets

Test diet


POL1

PHSO2

IE3


Total cholesterol (mmol/L)

4.93 ± 0.58

5.03 ± 0.69

4.89 ± 0.63

HDL-C (mmol/L)

1.43 ± 0.24a,b

1.32 ± 0.24a

1.30 ± 0.22b

% change vs POL

--

-7.6 ± 6.7

-9.1 ± 6.7

LDL-C (mmol/L)

3.08 ± 0.54c

3.30 ± 0.63c

3.20 ± 0.61

% change vs POL

--

7.2 ± 11.5

3.8 ± 9.7

VLDL-C (mmol/L)

0.42 ± 0.16

0.41 ± 0.16

0.40 ± 0.13

Triacylglycerol (mmol/L)

0.91 ± 0.34

0.88 ± 0.35

0.86 ± 0.28

TC/HDL-C

3.53 ± 0.68a,b

3.91 ± 0.82a

3.88 ± 0.83b

% change vs POL

--

10.8 ± 8.5

9.7 ± 9.0

LDL-C/HDL-C

2.23 ± 0.59a,b

2.59 ± 0.69a

2.56 ± 0.74b

% change vs POL

--

16.0 ± 12.1

14.7 ± 13.4

Plasma glucose (mmol/L)

5.62 ± 0.48a,c,

5.91 ± 0.58b,c

6.67 ± 0.70a,b

% change vs POL

--

5.1 ± 9.6

18.7 ± 11.3

Plasma insulin (uIU/mL)

10.11 ± 4.67a

9.12 ± 3.92c

7.93 ± 3.18a,c

% change vs POL

---

-9.7 ± 26.0

-21.6 ± 22.2


Mean ± SD ; n = 30

1POL, palm olein; 2PHSO, partially hydrogenated soybean oil; 3IE, interesterified fat (see text for details of fat composition)

a,b means with common superscripts differ, p < 0.001. c p < 0.05

Sundram et al. Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:3   doi:10.1186/1743-7075-4-3

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