Table 2

CHANGE


Reference

#

Subjects

Duration

CHO (g/d)

weight (%)

HDL (%)

TAG (%)

TAG/HDL (%)

Glucose (%)

Insulin (%)


Rickman et al. 1974

1

Normal Weight Men/Women

3–17 d

7

-4.9

-11.4

LaRosa et al. 1980

2

Obese Men/Women

8 wk

6

-8.3

-5.7

-32.6

-29.9

Phinney et al. 1980

3

Obese Men/Women

6 wk

<20

-11.8

-24

-16.3

-57.3

Phinney et al. 1983

4

Normal Weight Men

4 wk

<20

0.2

0

-26

-7.7

-23.3

Newbold, 1988

5

Men

3–12 mo

9.6

-34.8

-40.5

Volek et al. 2000

6

Normal Weight Men

8 wk

39

-5.4

10.0

-54.9

-56.9

-3.4

-28.0

Sharman et al. 2002

7

Normal Weight Men

6 wk

46

-2.8

11.5

-33

-39.9

-0.2

-34.2

Meckling et al. 2002

8

Obese Women

8 wk

71

-6.1

4.3

-40.3

-4.1

0.0

Westman et al. 2002

9

Obese Men/Women

6 mo

Ad Lib

-10.3

19.2

-43.1

-53.6

Dashti et al. 2003

10

Obese Men/Women

12 wk

20 to 30

-13.4

8.3

-50

-53.9

-37.1

Hays et al. 2003

11

Obese Men/Women w/ CVD

6 wk

Ad Lib

-5.2

-2.9

-39.9

-38.1

-7.4

-30.5

Obese Women PCOS

24 wk

Ad Lib

-14.3

0.4

-18.5

-18.8

5.7

-49.6

Obese Women Reactive Hypoglycemia

52 wk

Ad Lib

-19.9

3.4

-13.3

-33.2

Dashti et al. 2004

12

Obese Men/Women

24 wk

40

-14.2

20.4

-60.4

-67.1

-22.6

Boden et al. 2005

13

Obese/diabetic men/women

14 days

21

-1.8

-2

-35

-33.8

-16.0


Volek and Feinman Nutrition & Metabolism 2005 2:31   doi:10.1186/1743-7075-2-31

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