Table 1

Effect of Path on energetics of oxidation

Macronutrient & path

Mass

ATP/mole

Kcal/gm

Efficiency (%)


Glucose → CO2

180

38

1.54

38.5

Glucose → glycogen → glucose → CO2

180

36

1.40

35

"Average" AA → CO2

1.32

33

AA → Protein → AA → CO2

-4

1.08

27

Palmitate → CO2

256

129

3.68

40.9

Palmitate → Ketone → CO2

256

121

3.45

38.3


*Adapted from Feinman, Fine: 2003 Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders (1): 209–219 [2]

Fine and Feinman Nutrition & Metabolism 2004 1:15   doi:10.1186/1743-7075-1-15

Open Data